Alopecia hair loss – bald spot

очаговое выпадение волосHair loss or baldness is known by the medical term alopecia. There are several types of alopecia and the reasons for the development of this condition is also different. Alopecia hair loss or alopecia areata is one of them, this type of alopecia is exposed to people of all ages, both men and women.

Interestingly, alopecia hair loss at a young age equally common in both sexes, while in more Mature age with this disease are more prone women.

Alopecia hair loss is a disorder of the autoimmune system, the immune system, the role of which is to protect the body from viruses and bacteria, for some reason mistakenly attacks hair follicles. In the case of alopecia hair loss around the hair follicles accumulate a large number of white blood cells, which in turn leads to lung inflammation, which weakens the hair as a result they fall out.

Such disruption of the immune system leads to hair loss on the head and other parts of the body. In most cases, alopecia hair loss is not the head are formed of a small bald rounded shape. Sometimes there are particularly severe when alopecia hair loss leads to complete baldness, and in some cases, complete loss of hair on the entire body.


Symptoms of alopecia hair loss

A typical symptom of this disease is the appearance of one or more bald patches on the head. Typically, areas devoid of hair, have a rounded shape and size do not exceed the larger coin. Small, almost invisible, had increases very quickly. Often this kind of baldness are the first to notice around, not the one on the head which likewise started losing hair. Even in the absence of hair, usually the scalp looks healthy, with no scarring or any other unhealthy manifestations. In some cases with focal loss of hair on the scalp there is a slight redness, itching, burning and peeling.

When the first outbreak is difficult to make any predictions regarding the development of the disease.

  • Often hair growth in areas where they previously fell out, restarted within a few months. Sometimes newly regrown hair is different color from the rest of the hair, often focus on the bald patches grow gray or white hair. After some time the usual hair color is returned.
  • Sometimes a few weeks after appearance of the first lesion pattern baldness appears two or three new ones. Sometimes, while on the head of new bald, in areas where the hair fell out before they begin to grow new ones.
  • Several small foci of alopecia gradually expanding, connecting the border and turning into one big had.
  • In some cases, hair loss is marked on the body, beard, eyebrows, can also fall out eyelashes.
  • In some cases, alopecia hair loss leads to complete baldness, this condition in medicine is called total alopecia.
  • In one case out of five baldness may be accompanied by impaired growth and appearance of the nail plates.
  • Alopecia hair loss is completely painless, but very often the hair loss causes stress and emotional discomfort.

Scientists still have not established why some areas are more prone to alopecia baldness than others.

The true causes of alopecia hair loss is not always lie on the surface, among the possible factors are the viruses, infections, intake of certain drugs or environmental effects. Sometimes alopecia baldness causes of hereditary predisposition. Patients with marked focal hair loss, are at risk of developing other diseases of the autoimmune system, in particular, disorders of the thyroid gland, malignant anemia , and vitiligo.


Methods of dealing with alopecia hair loss

  • Cortisone injections

Cortisone injections – one of the most popular ways of dealing with alopecia areata. The procedure involves the introduction of a certain amount of cortisone into the scalp in areas where hair dropped and in adjacent areas. For injection uses a very thin needle, the treatment is carried out monthly. Typically, this procedure does not cause pain and does not cause discomfort. Cortisone promotes the growth of new hair, the treatment result is noticeable after about four weeks, but these shots, unfortunately, do not prevent the emergence of new foci of alopecia. Injections are not accompanied by serious side effects, in some cases, after the injection is formed on the skin a little hole, but after a while it disappears.

  • Topical application of Minoxidil

Good results with focal loss of hair worn external application of a 5% solution of Minoxidil twice a day. The drug is used in hair loss on the head, beard, and at loss of hairs from the eyebrows. After he grew new hair, treatment can be discontinued. 2% solution of Minoxidil does not give a noticeable result, the effect of the drug can be enhanced by applying cortisone ointment thirty minutes after rubbing it into the scalp of Minoxidil. Minoxidil completely harmless, not lowers blood pressure. In total baldness Minoxidil does not give virtually no effect.

  • Astralnova ointment or cream

Quite effective in alopecia hair loss is astralnova ointment or cream. Synthetic resinous substance anthralin is widely used in the treatment and prevention of psoriasis. When alopecia areata anthralin is applied on the scalp and after some time, after about 30-60 minutes, wash off. With good receptivity of the drug through nine to twelve weeks on the affected area begin to grow hair. Anthralin may cause skin irritation, and the skin may acquire a brownish tint, but for short-term treatment after some time it disappears. In the application of anthralin avoid getting the ointment in the eye, after application of the ointment hands should be thoroughly washed.

Alopecia alopecia is not a sentence, but the effectiveness of any method of treatment is difficult to predict.

The result depends on the individual case and the human body. Quite often, hair on the affected areas grow again even without special treatment, and this feature alopecia hair loss to a certain extent makes it difficult to assess the effectiveness of the drugs. Unfortunately, panacea focal alopecia does not exist, and in most cases, hair re-growth is terminated with the end of the year of application of this or that drug.

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